Worm bedding need not be the big secret that it is. The type of worms you wish to grow will dictate the type of bedding you will need.
RED WORMS- Red worms require a bedding made of manure and some other type of organic material. We use 50% peat moss to 50% manure. We try to use as much rabbit manure as possible in our bedding mixture, but we also use cow, horse and poultry manure. The important thing to remember with the bedding is that is has to be past the heating stage. Hot manure (fresh manure) needs to be composted a bit before your bedding is mixed. Failure to do this will cause the bedding to heat, and your worms may die. Another great bedding is shredded newspaper or cardboard with manure. Worms love paper bedding. Shred the newspaper and then soak it. After it is soaked let the water drip from it for a couple of minutes and place it in the beds or pits. Mix in manure and a you will have your bedding. There are many different things that can be used for bedding. If you remember the following you will be able to improvise:
Red worms need moisture at all times. The more moisture the bigger they will become. But remember to check the ph level. Wet worm can become dead worm quickly. Stay on top of the ph level.
If using grain, top feed your worms. Many people believe that mixing feed in with the worms will work best. I have found that top feeding with chicken layer mash works well. Place in only enough feed for a day or so. Do not mix the beds until the feed is gone. This will stop the feed from getting mixed in, and causing the bedding to heat and sour. Mixing feed into the bedding will cause the bedding to sour. Sour bedding will kill worms. Test your soil regularly with commonly bought PH Testers. These testers are only a couple of bucks, and can be found at many feed and garden centers. Sprinkle pulverized limestone on top of the bedding after watering to control acid.. Soon, we will carry a line, so check in with our store often.
Alabama Jumbers, Jersey Jumpers- Alabama Jumpers require a soil that is more course and dense. A mix of 1/3 leaf mulch, 1/3top soil and 1/3manure works well. My experience has shown me that Grays like moist beds and plenty of pulverized lime stone sprinkled on top. Greys should also be top fed and not disturbed except once a month when you turn the beds over to get air in the beds. Greys will eat small amounts of layer mash, but prefer leaves and grass clipping. 75-85 degrees for best results
Africans Night Crawlers- Africans like bedding with dirt, and peat, but will only feed on the top. Bedding for Africans does not have to be deep. 4" is enough. Use a mix of soil and manure with straw for best results. Africans need it wet and hot 75 to 90 degrees for best results. Turn bedding weekly for air. Africans cannot tolerate acid. Use plenty of lime every week. Feed chicken mash and manure. They love rabbit and poultry manure. Just watch the acid.
Northern Crawlers- For these delicate creatures you must use caution. They require top soil bedding and must be top feed. the bedding must be moist but not wet. These crawlers use burrows to live. Heavy watering will cause them to drown. Do not disturb these worms and they will breed. Lightly sprinkle mash, leaves and grass on the top. 45-60 degrees is all they can tolerate. The will do well and breed if kept with these guidelines.-